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Vermonters in the Civil War

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Collection Overview

Vermont soldiers in the Civil War wrote an enormous quantity of letters and diaries, of which many thousands have survived in libraries, historical societies, and in private hands. This collection represents a selection of letters and diaries from the University of Vermont and the Vermont Historical Society.

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Time Period Covered: January 1, 1861 - February 28, 1864 


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Title:   ?

Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

Resource type:   correspondence

Letter No. 23 pages missing ; date & location known ; preserved here is him writing of news of health issues of folks at home, of wanting to hear the results of a town meeting regarding bounty (system used as an incentive to increase enlistments), of Heaton's auction, of his weight being 149 pounds.

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    Title:   ? to Father

    Date:  1863-02-26

    Resource type:   correspondence

    Unsigned letter to his father with topics including Col Farnham's horses being sick but getting better ; the variable weather, how people can make do with few conveniences, Mr. Peach the cook, the food that is available in camp ; the dark looks the southerners give the soldiers, his negative opinion of the white southerners, mentioning writing to Henry, Laura and hoping to see Zeke.

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      Title:   ? to Lorenzo Thomas

      Date:  1862-08-30

      Resource type:   correspondence

      Topics include the request to inquire after statements made by the Major General, and a request for an investigation of the Battle of Baton Rouge by a court of inquiry.

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        Title:   A. Jackman to John Wolcott Phelps

        Creator:  Jackman, A.

        Date:  1861-05-01

        Resource type:   correspondence

        Topics include ensuring that Colonel Phelps' command have books such as "Scott's Tactics".

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          Title:   A. [G.] Browne to John Wolcott Phelps

          Creator:  Browne, A. G.

          Date:  1861-10-29

          Resource type:   correspondence

          Topics include Lt. Col. A. G. Browne requesting Brig. Gen. John Wolcott Phelps' assistance in forwarding letters to Lieutenant Charles L. Pierson, Adjutant of the Massachusetts 20th Regiment who was taken prisoner along with Colonel Lee and Major Revere. Mentions Col. Lee and Major Revere, the battle of the 21st near Leesburg and flags of truce.

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            Title:   Albert A. May to Friend

            Creator:  May, Albert A.

            Date:  1861-10-08

            Resource type:   correspondence

            Writes from Marcy Camp Advanced in Northeastern Virginia of injuries and death sustained in a "Skermisher" due to confusion among the men and friendly fire, mentions 4th and 5th regiments also camped in the area.

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              Title:   Albert A. May to Friends

              Creator:  May, Albert A.

              Date:  1863-03-09

              Resource type:   correspondence

              Writing from White Oak Church, Bell Plains, Va. topics include being in good health, the warm spring weather, a year since the Army of the Potomac started their summer campaign, the army in good spirits, hoping that the 2nd Vt. will be lucky and be sent home, and the prediction that May only has fifteen months left in the service.

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                Title:   Albert B. Jewett to William Wirt Henry

                Creator:  Jewett, Albert B., 1829-1887

                Date:  1863-02-02

                Resource type:   correspondence

                Letter discussing Jewett’s possible promotion to Brigadier General (as Jewett's name is on a list for promotions) and Jewett willing to help get a staff position for Gov. Dillingham's son if Jewett is promoted.

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                  Title:   Alfred H. Keith to John Lester Barstow

                  Creator:  Keith, Alfred H.

                  Date:  1865-01-04

                  Resource type:   correspondence

                  Brief letter from Capt. Alfred H. Keith to Barstow regarding Keith being relieved from duties and hoping money sent has been received.

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                    Title:   Asa P. Blunt

                    Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

                    Date:  1863-02-12

                    Resource type:   correspondence

                    A pass for Lt. Col. Roswell Farnham, G. G. Benedict, and Mary Farnham to go to Washington D.C. signed by Asa P. Blunt, Col. Commanding at Wolf Run Shoals, Va.

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                      Title:   Asa P. Blunt

                      Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

                      Date:  1863-04-06

                      Resource type:   correspondence

                      A pass for Roswell Farnham to go to Washington D.C. to return in 48 hours approved by Asa P. Blunt, Colonel Commanding 2nd Brigade Casey's Division.

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                        Title:   Asa P. Blunt

                        Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

                        Date:  1863-04-11

                        Resource type:   correspondence

                        A pass for Mary Farnham, Mrs. Nichols, Mrs. Vaughan, and Mrs. Peach to go to Washington D.C.

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                          Title:   Asa P. Blunt

                          Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

                          Date:  1863-04-15

                          Resource type:   correspondence

                          Pass for Roswell Farnham to go to Washington D.C. for 48 hours approved by Asa P. Blunt, Colonel Commander of Brigade ; extended 48 hours by Maj. Genl. Heintzelman.

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                            Title:   Asa P. Blunt to E. Mason

                            Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

                            Resource type:   correspondence

                            Topics include the questioning of G. Mason’s loyalty to the United States government by Col. Blunt, denial of protection Mason has requested, the suggestion that Mason take the oath of allegiance to the U.S. or suffer the consequences of possible destruction of property.

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                              Title:   Asa P. Blunt to Roswell Farnham

                              Creator:  Blunt, Asa P.

                              Date:  1862-10-13

                              Resource type:   correspondence

                              Topics include a pass allowing Roswell Farnham to and from Washington D.C.

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                                Title:   Battle of Big Bethal, Va June 10th, 1861

                                Creator:  Farnham, Roswell, 1827-1903

                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                Topics include a map that shows various maneuvers of Farnham's company; inaccuracies in the newspaper account of the Battle of Big Bethel; and various ailments, aches & pains endured during the march.

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                                  Title:   Benjamin F. Butler to John Wolcott Phelps

                                  Creator:  Butler, Benjamin F.

                                  Date:  1861-07-16

                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                  Topics include the summoning of Roys Nicholas Colbert and Charles Stepheny to Command General Benjamin F. Butler.

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                                    Title:   Benjamin F. Parmenter to Brother

                                    Creator:  Parmenter, Benjamin F., 1832-1896

                                    Date:  1861-07-10

                                    Resource type:   correspondence

                                    Topics include the regiment moving to Virginia.

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                                      Title:   Benjamin F. Parmenter to Brother

                                      Creator:  Parmenter, Benjamin F., 1832-1896

                                      Date:  1861-07-28

                                      Resource type:   correspondence

                                      Topics include Benjamin F. Parmenter's negative opinion of an attack ( the first battle of Bull Run--see letter 3).

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                                        Title:   Benjamin F. Parmenter to Brother

                                        Creator:  Parmenter, Benjamin F., 1832-1896

                                        Date:  1861-08-08

                                        Resource type:   correspondence

                                        Topics include the regiment being located at Bush Hill Camp, rumors that they may join up with another brigade, more discussion of the 1st Battle of Bull Run, Parmenter's low opinions of the regiments officers,and his disappointment in the treatment of the soldiers.

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                                          Title:   Benjamin F. Parmenter to Brother

                                          Creator:  Parmenter, Benjamin F., 1832-1896

                                          Date:  1861-10-12

                                          Resource type:   correspondence

                                          Topics include Benjamin F. Parmenter's hospital stay and him enlisting his brother to take care of things at home.

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                                            Title:   Benjamin F. Parmenter to Brother

                                            Creator:  Parmenter, Benjamin F., 1832-1896

                                            Date:  1861-10-29

                                            Resource type:   correspondence

                                            Topics include the policy of the war department to not allow anyone to go home regardless of their circumstances,enquiries about home, Parmenter's growing disillusion with the Army, and a discussion about "the Southern confederacy is a fixed fact."

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                                              Title:   Bird's-Eye View of Fortress Monroe Virginia

                                              Resource type:   correspondence

                                              MAP

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                                                Title:   Bradford Sparrow to ?

                                                Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

                                                Resource type:   correspondence

                                                A copy of an official document by Private Bradford P. Sparrow stating his military service and is an application to recover military pay due him.

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                                                  Title:   Bradford Sparrow to Alner D. Sparrow

                                                  Creator:  Sparrow, Bradford

                                                  Date:  1863-08-19

                                                  Resource type:   correspondence

                                                  Two letters of August 19th and 28th - Reporting for duty in Burlington, telling of his journey, of not having food provided & having to buy his own, of sleeping arrangements, dinner in the barracks at the old fair grounds, of the men being examined for fitness to serve.

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